Slavery in America: The Montgomery Slave Trade

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Beginning in the seventeenth century, millions of African people were kidnapped, enslaved, and shipped across the Atlantic to the Americas under horrific conditions. Nearly two million people died at sea during the agonizing journey. For the next two centuries, the enslavement of black people in the United States created wealth, opportunity, and prosperity for millions of Americans. As American slavery evolved, an elaborate and enduring mythology about the inferiority of black people was created to legitimate, perpetuate, and defend slavery. This mythology survived slavery’s formal abolition following the Civil War.

In the South, where the enslavement of black people was widely embraced, resistance to ending slavery persisted for another century following the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865. “Today, 150 years after the Emancipation Proclamation, very little has been done to address the legacy of slavery and its meaning in contemporary life,” reports EJI Director, Bryan Stevenson. “In many communities like Montgomery, Alabama – which by 1860 was the capital of the domestic slave trade in Alabama – there is little understanding of the slave trade, slavery, or the longstanding effort to sustain the racial hierarchy that slavery created.” In fact, an alternative narrative has emerged in many Southern communities that celebrates the slavery era, honors slavery’s principal proponents and defenders, and refuses to acknowledge or address the problems created by the legacy of slavery.

EJI's new report, Slavery in America: The Montgomery Slave Trade, documents American slavery and Montgomery's prominent role in the domestic slave trade. The report is part of EJI’s project focused on developing a more informed understanding of America’s racial history and how it relates to contemporary challenges. EJI believes that reconciliation with our nation’s difficult past cannot be achieved without truthfully confronting history and finding a way forward that is thoughtful and responsible.

In addition to the report, EJI partnered with the Black Heritage Council of the Alabama Historical Commission to sponsor three historical markers in downtown Montgomery that memorialize the domestic slave trade that flourished in Montgomery. The markers in downtown Montgomery were dedicated on December 10, 2013, following a reception and panel discussion with cast from 12 Years a Slave, the critically-acclaimed film based on the true story of a free black man who was kidnapped and sold into slavery in 1841 as part of the domestic slave trade. The practice of kidnapping free black people and selling them into slavery was a feature of Montgomery’s slave trade that is documented in the new EJI report.

A short version of the report is here: Slavery in America: The Montgomery Slave Trade. If you are interested in receiving the longer, complete report, please request one by emailing contact_us@eji.org.